Abstract Expressionism is a modern art movement that flowered in America after the Second World War and held sway until the dawn of Pop Art in the 1960's. With this movement New York replaced Paris as the center of the art world.
Abstract Expressionism has its roots in other earlier 20th century art movements such as Cubism and Surrealism that promoted abstraction rather than representation. The psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung provided the intellectual context in this quest for new subject matter.
The major players in Abstract Expression were Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Clyfford Still, Arshile Gorky, Franz Kline, Robert Motherwell, Mark Rothko, Barnett Newman, Philip Guston, Lee Krasner, Ad Reinhardt and sculptor David Smith.
The Abstract Expressionists goal was a raw and impulsive art. What mattered were the qualities of the paint itself and the act of painting itself.
Marc Rothko: 'Untitled' (violet, black, orange, yellow over white and red), Guggenheim Museum New York City
Author: www.biddingtons.com (copied by Silvia Martín Martínez)